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The Natural History Museum has identified more than 500 new species by 2021 | Museum of Natural History

Six new dinosaurs, an Indian beetle named after a cat named Larry, and dozens of crustaceans important to the planet’s carbon cycle have been identified by scientists in 552 new species. Museum of Natural History This year.

In 2021, researchers described a hitherto unknown creature in the tree of life, up to five new snakes, including a pair of giant carnivorous dinosaurs known as spinozers – the “riverside hunter” and the “hell heron” – the Joseph racer. With the help of a painting 185 years old.

With international travel to domain sites banned, scientists at the London-based museum focused on describing the collections and creatures that roamed the earth millions of years ago.

Description of two new species of dinosaur dinosaur found on the White Island named 'Hell Heron' and 'Riverbank Hunter'.
Two newly described species of spiny dinosaurs named ‘Hell Heron’ and ‘River Bank Hunter’ have been discovered on the White Island. Photo: Anthony Hutchings

“This is a wonderful year for the description of new dinosaurs, especially from the UK,” said Dr. Susanna Midment, a senior researcher in paleobiology at the museum, who helped explain some of the new findings. “Although we have known about the UK dinosaur heritage for over 150 years, the use of new techniques and new data from around the world can help uncover the hidden diversity of British dinosaurs.”

Spinozers are one of four UK dinosaur species described by researchers with the new Iguanodontian with the unusual nose of the Isle of Wight. Pendrick Milnerey, The oldest known carnivorous dinosaur from England.

More than half of the new species identified at the museum this year are creatures such as cobots, small prawns found in salt and fresh water. They form the bulk of Zooplankton, which feeds on grille, fish and other invertebrates, which play an important role in the planet’s ecology and carbon cycle.

Due to their abundance, cobwebs are also included in some of the largest carbon sinks in the oceans. Scientists have described 291 species this year, from a collection compiled by French researchers Claude and Franுவாois Moniot over several decades.

“Flies are not only free-living, they are many parasites, and they can be found living in all other major animal groups,” said Professor Geoff Boxchall, a researcher in the museum’s Department of Biological Sciences. Colleague, Il-hoi Kim.

“The huge Monniot collection Il-Hoi Kim and I got, we both recently retired, so in theory we finally had time to go through it. However, the collection was huge, it was a bit intimidating – but then the Govt-19 happened and my lock on finishing the series documents Became planned.

Impatience Versicolor, a new type of jewelry or touch-me-knots discovered in East Africa in 2021
Impatiens versicolor, A new type of Jewelweed or Touch-Me-Knot, found in East Africa. Photo: Eberhard Fischer

Other newly identified species include 52 wasps, 13 moths, seven crabs, six flies and five amphibians. The beetles were heavily featured, Like they did in 2020, 90 new species have been described. They include a pair of purple and green metal beetles from India, a single-colored beetle with a large pair of jaws from the Philippines, and a swamp-loving beetle named after a truck cat named Downing Street Mouser.

A new bush-cricket from Southeast Asia, known for its song before the animal appeared, and finally a species found in Singapore – now called Mycoboda simonodoi – This model has actually been in the museum since 1984.

Five new species of plants have been identified from East Africa: the Jewelweed or Touch-me-Knots, which usually produce delicate pink or white flowers, with the exception of a few species that turned to red flowers to attract birds rather than butterflies for pollination.

Along with the plants, eight new species of algae, six parasitic worms and three diatoms – single-celled algae – were identified.

Find out more The age of destruction is here, And follow biodiversity reporters Phoebe Weston And Patrick Greenfield On Twitter for all the latest news and features

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